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中华即拍:郎世宁《鹤玫图》

2020-01-11

郎世宁,意大利人,原名朱塞佩 伽斯底里奥内,生于米兰,清康熙帝五十四年作为天主教耶稣会的修道士来我国布道,随即入宫进入满意馆,成为宫殿画家,曾参与圆明园西洋楼的规划作业。郎世宁在我国从事绘画达50余年,历任康、雍、乾三朝宫殿画师。郎世宁作为外籍人士,从小受西方教育的熏陶,郎世宁的到来给清宫殿带来了西洋绘画技法,向皇帝和其他宫殿画家展现了欧洲明暗画法的魅力,并先后遭到康熙帝、雍正帝、乾隆帝的重用。郎世宁可以说是一位艺术上的全才,他的绘画体裁广泛,触及人物、肖像、走兽、花鸟、山水等范畴,且精摹细琢,遭到清皇室的喜爱,成为雍正乾隆时期宫殿画师无足轻重的代表人物。

Lang shining , an Italian, formerly known as Giuseppe gastirione, was born in Milan. In the fifty fourth year of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty , he came to China as a monk of the Catholic Jesuits to preach. Then he entered the palace and became a palace painter. He once participated in the design of the western building in the Yuanmingyuan. Lang shining has been engaged in painting in China for more than 50 years, and has successively served as a palace painter in the three dynasties of Kang, Yong and Qian. As a foreigner, Lang shining was influenced by western education since his childhood. His arrival brought western painting techniques to the Qing court, showed the charm of European bright and dark painting techniques to the emperor and other court painters, and was successively reused by Emperor Kangxi, Emperor Yongzheng and Emperor Qianlong. Lang shining is an all-round artist. His paintings have a wide range of subjects, including figures, portraits, animals, flowers and birds, landscapes and other fields. He is well carved and favored by the Qing Royal family. He became an important representative figure of the court painters in the period of Yongzheng and Qianlong.

 

 丹顶鹤,又称仙鹤,是国际宝贵鸟类之一,丹顶鹤已经成为国家一级维护动物。丹顶鹤性格典雅,形状魅力。素以喙、颈、腿 三长 著称,直立时可达 一米多高。身披皎白茸毛,喉、颊和颈为暗褐色,长而曲折的黑色飞羽呈弓状 ,掩盖在白色尾羽上。暴露的朱红色头顶,恰似一顶小红帽,因而得名 丹顶鹤 。

Red Crowned Crane, also known as crane, is one of the world s precious birds. Red Crowned Crane has become a national first-class protected animal. The Red Crowned Crane has elegant temperament and charming shape. Known for its beak, neck and legs, it can reach more than one meter high when upright. The body is covered with white feathers. The throat, cheek and neck are dark brown. The long and curved black flying feathers are arched and covered with white tail feathers. The naked red head is like a small red hat, so it is named Red Crowned Crane .

 

 

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